During pregnancy we experience many different kinds of sensations, some pleasant and some ... not so. Many of us experience some sort of back pain during our pregnancies. The good news is that it’s natural and that your baby is growing! It is very common with occurrences as high as 60-70%. There are a plethora of reasons for back pains during pregnancy but some of the most common include:
During a healthy pregnancy, women are expected to gain anywhere between 12-25kgs. This added weight on the spine in such a quick amount of time may cause lower back pain due to the increased load the spine has to support.
Due to bub sitting right inside our uterus, it can cause a shift in the centre of gravity forward. This shifting centre of gravity can change the way you move and put strain through your body.
During pregnancy the body produces a hormone called relaxin which allows the separation of the pelvis to accommodate the child during child birth. This increased laxity within the pelvis can cause pain
As the baby grows the belly has to accommodate for this growth too. The abdominal muscles will separate in the centre. This separation may worsen back pain.
Emotional stress can cause hypersensitivity and increased tension in your back. You may feel more back pain when you are going through stressful periods of your pregnancy.
Physiotherapy is a good way to help prevent and manage ongoing back pain during pregnancy. A physiotherapist can identify the particular muscle that is causing you pain and can give you management strategies on how to cope with it. Soft tissue and joint mobilisation techniques have been shown to drastically reduce pain as well. As well as being hands on, a physiotherapist can prescribe ad cater specific exercises that will reduce your back pain, they can also recommend what type of external support to use during severe flare ups.